Risk Impact Opportunities Tool

Risk Impact Opportunities Tool

The Risk Impact Opportunities Tool (RIOT) is the Oxford Sustainable Finance Programme’s data and analysis platform. RIOT brings together asset-level data tied to ownership across key sectors and markets and overlays this with current and forward-looking measures of environmental risk and impact.

Exposure can be measured and analysed at different scales moving from the asset-level, to the company-level, and to the portfolio-level as required. Existing and planned assets are also assessed and exposure measured over the short-, medium-, and long-term.

The platform allows for the measurement of the environmental impacts associated with investments, locally and globally, such as whether investments are compatible with carbon budgets or are contributing to the unsustainable use of finite natural resources.

We are pioneering a ‘4th generation’ data and analysis capability across six sectors: power generation, cement, iron and steel, automobiles, aviation, and shipping. Depending on technical feasibility we have the ambition to include other sectors, including power grids, road, rail, food and beverage manufacturing and processing, paper, refining, mining, upstream oil and gas, pipelines, and LNG infrastructure.

We are particularly focused on applying RIOT to the Belt & Road Initiative and you can find out more about this work here:


If you have a login, you can access RIOT here


Powering Past Coal Calculator

The Powering Past Coal Calculator (PPCC) is a free online tool designed to provide governments, private and public financial institutions, financial regulators, companies, and civil society accurate information about: i) impacts that current and planned coal assets will have on the local and global environment, as well as on sustainable development and ii) the stranded asset risks current and planned coal assets face from different physical and transition risks related to environmental change, particularly climate change.

This information does not exist in one place in an accessible way. As a result, few stakeholders know the real stranded asset risks facing coal assets or the negative environmental impacts (locally and globally) that these assets have. PPCC will allow users to examine interactively a range of risks and impacts facing all current and planned coal assets now and in the future. Users will be able to look at specific coal units as well as units owned by listed and non-listed companies as well as by country.

PPCC uses data and analysis from a variety of public sources, including from a series of major projects undertaken by the Oxford Sustainable Finance Programme or together with a range of international partners. The PPCC is focused on the global power sector, and particularly current and planned coal-fired power stations. It uses the RIOT platform created and managed by the Oxford Sustainable Finance Programme.

PPCC is a UK-based contribution to the Powering Past Coal Alliance.


World Resources Institute's Power Explorer (Q2 2018) and CoalSwarm's Global Coal Plant Tracker (Q2 2018).

RIOT draws on proprietary and non-proprietary data. The free version prepared for the PPCC uses data and analysis from a variety of public sources. The underlying database of power generation assets is provided by the World Resources Institute's Power Explorer (Q2 2018) and CoalSwarm's Global Coal Plant Tracker (Q2 2018). CoalSwarm contains approximately 14,000 existing and proposed coal-fired power plants of 30 MW or larger, as well as every plant proposed since January 1, 2010. These two databases provided the following fields: capacity, electrical generation, fuel type, commissioning year, exact location, ownership status, sponsor, size and carbon dioxide emissions. For CO2 intensity and plant age we used CoalSwarm, the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Sargent & Lundy (2009) and in-house Oxford Smith School data sources. We prioritise this data based on their completeness with respect to each plant attribute and how up-to-date it is.

Useful links:

Capability Development

Capabilities are being released step-by-step. In the first instance, the first analytical module (released in December 2018) is focused on Carbon Lock-in Curves ('CLICs’). CLICs mean that we can see which power stations are compatible or incompatible with different warming thresholds using transparently made assumptions.

In due course we will be releasing other analytical modules that will help users understand the risks and impacts associated with coal-fired power stations.

You can find out more information about CLICs and the data and analysis platform that underpins the Powering Past Coal Calculator here:

  1. CLICs
  2. Platform

Create a PPCC user account


Please refer to this as: Oxford Sustainable Finance Programme (2018). Risk Impact Opportunity Tool. Oxford Sustainable Finance Programme, Smith School of Enterprise and the Environment, University of Oxford (Oxford, UK).


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The Oxford Sustainable Finance Programme at the University of Oxford Smith School of Enterprise and the Environment is a multidisciplinary research centre working to be the world's best place for research and teaching on sustainable finance and investment. The Programme was established in 2012 to understand the requirements, challenges, and opportunities associated with a reallocation of capital towards investments aligned with global environmental sustainability.

You can find out more about our work here:

For all technical issues, email: [email protected]
For other topics, including collaboration, email: [email protected]